Los cinturones de castidad siempre han sido objeto de controversia, pues mucha gente cree que su razón de ser era la de coartar la libertad sexual de la mujer, poniendo la llave en manos de su marido.

Y decimos llave de forma literal, ya que estas bragas fabricadas en hierro contaban con una cerradura que impedía que pudieran ser retiradas.

Descubre toda la verdad sobre este curioso objeto y su leyenda negra.

¿Mito o realidad?

Según el imaginario popular, cuando un hombre iba a la guerra o se asuentaba durante largas temporadas de su hogar, colocaba el cinturón a su mujer para asegurarse de que su honra se mantenía intacta.

Rome, ITALY: TO GO WITH AFP STORY "Le "taureau de feu" et la guillotine des papes au musee du crime a Rome" A chastity belt is seen at the Criminal Museum in Rome 12 January 2006. AFP PHOTO / ALBERTO PIZZOLI (Photo credit should read ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/Getty Images)

Esto era posible gracias a su cerramiento rodeado de púas, lo que impedía que la mujer pudiera mantener cualquier tipo de encuentro sexual.

UNITED KINGDOM - NOVEMBER 22: Chastity belts originated in the 15th century. They were devices designed to prevent the female wearer from having sexual intercourse, and incorporated openings to facilitate urination and defecation. They were locked to prevent their removal. Front view with padlock lying next to the belt. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

El aparato contaba con dos llaves: una que el marido portaba consigo y otra que quedaba a cuidado del sacerdote de la localidad. Ya que si el marido no regresaba a casa antes de cuatro años, el sacerdote estaría autorizados retirarlo y la mujer, considerada viuda, podría rehacer su vida.

La verdad sobre el cinturón de castidad

UNITED KINGDOM - NOVEMBER 22: Chastity belt decorated with a flower design and a heart pierced with arrows. Chastity belts originated in the 15th century. They were devices designed to prevent the female wearer from having sexual intercourse, and incorporated openings to facilitate urination and defecation. They were locked to prevent their removal. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

La culpa de su mala fama corresponde a un libro inglés que describía el cinturón como “una de las cosas más extraordinarias que los celos masculinos hayan realizado”. Un aparato utilizado para asegurar la fidelidad en tiempos de las cruzadas.

UNITED KINGDOM - NOVEMBER 22: Chastity belts originated in the 15th century. They were devices designed to prevent the female wearer from having sexual intercourse, and incorporated openings to facilitate urination and defecation. They were locked to prevent their removal. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

UNSPECIFIED - DECEMBER 29: Richly decorated metal chastity belt, consisting of two panels hinged together. Chastity belts originated in the 15th century. They were devices designed to prevent the female wearer from having sexual intercourse, and incorporated openings to facilitate urination and defecation. They were locked to prevent their removal. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

Fidelidad y castidad no es lo mismo, y basta estudiar un poco el aparato para darse cuenta de que el uso descrito sería imposible.

UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 20: Iron chastity belt complete with padlock. Iron chastity belt complete with padlock. Front view of whole obejct against black background. (Photo by Science & Society Picture Library/SSPL/Getty Images)

Su gran volumen y peso impedían moverse con libertad, ni siquiera sentarse. Los cinturones estaban fabricados en metal y su uso se limitaba a unas horas o un par de días como máximo, pues causarían todo tipo de roces, llagas e infecciones.

Tampoco podían mojarse, y ya fuera por agua o sudor, se oxidaban y la bacteria del tétanos se hacia presente.

UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 20: Iron chastity belt complete with padlock. Iron chastity belt complete with padlock. Detail shot of padlock against black background. (Photo by Science & Society Picture Library/SSPL/Getty Images)

Las infecciones en el pasado no eran ninguna broma y, por ello, de usarse durante unas semanas (no digamos años), las mujeres morirían de septicemia.

UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 20: Metal chastity belt, 15th to 16th century. Metal chastity belt, consisting of two panels hinged together, richly decorated, 15th-16th century. Grey background. Top 3/4 view. (Photo by Science & Society Picture Library/SSPL/Getty Images)

FRANCE - CIRCA 1000: Chastity belt. Cluny museum. Epoch of the Crusades. (Photo by ND/Roger Viollet/Getty Images)

Su verdadero uso

Al parecer, los citurones de castidad no eran un método de control, sino un instrumento de defensa utilizado por las mujeres de forma voluntaria.

M0012512 Chastity belt, iron covered with velvet and silk. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org Chastity belt, iron covered with velvet and silk and mounted on a modern lining. 16th century Published: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

El cinturón de castidad era utilizado principalmente por enfermeras y religiosas como defensa contra la violación en épocas de acuartelamiento de soldados, durante viajes y en estancias nocturnas en posadas.

M0012511 Chastity belt, complete with waistbelt and padlock. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org Chastity belt, complete with waistbelt and padlock. Covered with velvet and mounted on a modern lining. 16th century Published: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

L0058587 Iron chastity belt, Europe Credit: Science Museum, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org Iron chastity belt, Europe, 1501-1600 Red velvet lining gives some comfort for the wearer of this hinged, metal chastity belt. The heavy belt is locked with a key. It is thought chastity belts were invented in the Middle Ages to prevent women having sexual intercourse. However, recent arguments suggest they are nothing more than Victorian myths. Documentation connected with this object claims it may date from the 1500s, but more likely it was made in the 1800s. 1501-1600 Published: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Tampoco datan de la antigua Edad Media; de hecho, las primeras referencias literarias sobre este objeto pertenecen al Renacimiento (s. XV y XVI).

M0012509 Chastity belt, decorated, lined with silk. Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org Chastity belt, decorated with a heart and crossed arrows. Lined with silk. Waist belt missing. 16th century Published: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Por increíble que parezca, estos extraños objetos aún pueden comprarse en la actualidad, aunque hoy su uso es exclusivamente erótico y recreativo.

Fuente: wikipedia y fishki.net

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